Chemical physical properties of ginger pdf

Ginger is a plant recently gaining attention in the food and pharmaceutical industries because of its spice and medicinal importance. It also reveals the physical and chemical properties. Additionally, ginger has antiinflammatory and analgesic properties so that it can help reduce inflammation and pain that accompanies acute injuries from frostbite. Chemical composition and biological properties of essential oils of two mint species meilin tsai1, chintung wu2, tsenfang lin1, weichao lin1, yuchun huang3 and chaohsun yang3 1department of cosmetic science, chia nan university of pharmacy and science, taiwan, 71710, 2department of computer. Microbial quality and physicochemical properties of ginger fruit drinks were investigated. It is being used in medicinal purposes for over 5,000 years. There were little differences found in chemical values free fatty acid and peroxide value among olive oils samples. Accepted october, 2010 the chemical composition and antioxidant activity in aqueous and solvent extracts of. Several studies have reported that the oil extracted from ginger had scavenging effects due to volatile oils 6,14. Materials and methods plant materials samples of zingiber cassumunar roxb. The antimicrobial properties of essential oils mainly depend on their chemical constituents and the quantity of the major single compounds.

Ginger is native to warmer parts of asia, such as china. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger zingiber officinale and cumin cuminum cyminum. Physical property of food an overview sciencedirect topics. Beyond the physical and even the emotional components of essential oils hides the ability to support consciousness in such a subtle but potent way. Result and discussion proximate composition of the powdered ginger root sample is shown in table i. Ginger and its healing properties ministry of health. However, just as with all of life, there are multiple levels there are layers to reality and to the healing herbs and essences we have come to depend on for healing the body naturally. Plant components, primarily secondary metabolites that have health promoting properties are called phytonutrients. Lesson objectives upon completion of this module, students will be able to. This work is an attempt on the study of some physical properties of the plant seed. The chemical and physical properties that were studied are following. Physicochemical properties and phytochemical components of. Chemical composition and biological properties of essential. Effect of superfine grinding on properties of ginger.

It was also known in europe from the 9th century and in england from the 10th century for its medicinal properties 62. Together all these constituents make up the character of beer but, in general, different beers and lagers contain different proportions of the same compounds rather than novel constituents. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. Characteristic physical properties and structural fragments. Others are the result of chemical and biochemical transformation of the raw materials during malting, mashing, boiling, fermentation and conditioning. It is hoped that such product could serve as a functional fruit drink product. It is quite difficult to define a chemical property without using the word change. Consumed as an infusion, this plant may help relieve dizziness and urges to vomit. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. Study of physical and chemical properties of biodiesel from. Not only is ginger a culinary marvel, its health benefits are stunning. Summary physical properties a characteristic that can be observed or measured without changing the identity or composition of the substance physical properties used to describe matter can be classified as.

Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root zingiber officinale shirin adel p. Some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological. Ulcer is generally caused due to imbalance between defensive and offensive factors like acid, pepsin and helicobacter pylori. Eat fresh ginger with meals or take 3 capsules of ginger powder per day divided into 3 doses. Put 50 grams of ginger powder in a bag, which must be made of a porous cotton canvas. Identify the characteristics of crude oil understand the difference between sweet and sour crude oil identify the adverse health effects of crude oil. A perennial herb native to china and india, ginger root has been used for centuries in asian cooking and for its therapeutic properties. Curcumin is a phytopolylphenol pigment isolated from the plant curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, with a variety of pharmacologic properties.

We investigated the chemical properties of medicinal and edible ginger cultivars using a liquidchromatography. Crude oil derives, by way of geological processing, from organic material initially buried in. This is due in part to the fact that ginger acts as an antioxidant with more than twelve constituents superior to vitamin e. Some general physical and chemical properties of proteins. Furthermore, it improves blood circulation and energy flow, removes toxins and poisons. Each compound may exhibit a different mechanism of action against. Information regarding the chemical identity of toluene is located in table 41.

Pdf evaluation for microbial quality, physicochemical and. Antimicrobial properties of plant essential oils against. With antioxidant properties, it stimulates bile and protects the liver by preventing the development of cancerous tumors. Chemical and physical properties of beer springerlink. Ginger latin name zingiber officinale is a root native to india. Ginger zingiber officinale is rhizomatous perennial plant. Important physical and chemical properties of trichloroethylene are listed in. Today it is grown not only in japan and india, but also in america. Jun 04, 2017 ginger is a popular spice with powerful medicinal properties. Benzene physical and chemical properties chemistry byjus.

Ginger has been used as a spice as well as medicine in india and china since ancient times. The part of the ginger plant that is used is the root, which is botanically the rhizome. Bhatia, chemical composition of different varieties of apricots and their kernels grown in ladakha region, j. Ext 33 was administered by oral gavage in concentrations of 100, 333, and mgkg, to three groups of 22 pregnant female rats from days 6 to 15 of gestation. It recommended for pregnant women that feel nausea during the first weeks of gestation. Mar 18, 2011 carrot is one of the important root vegetables rich in bioactive compounds like carotenoids and dietary fibers with appreciable levels of several other functional components having significant healthpromoting properties. Sohe general physical and chenical properties of proteins the large class of compounds now classified as pmteins repre sent a polycomplexity of individual species, yet, all have many common characteristics, are constructed from similar chemical units and exhibit similar physical and chemical properties. The health benefits of ginger are mainly attributed to its phenolic compounds, such as. Zingiber officinale is the botanical name of ginger. Our pca results indicate the importance of acetylated derivatives of gingerol, not gingerol or shogaol. Ginger also constitutes volatile oils approximately 1% to 3% and nonvolatile pungent components oleoresin. This research work was focused on two important spices, i.

On sale in pharmacies and health shops also suitable for postpartum depression. It is botanically correct to refer to ginger as a rhizome rather than a root. Chemical and physical properties the chemical and physical characteristics of olive oils sample were shown in table 1 and table 2. Ginger root is widely used around the world as a spice or food additive.

Fresh rhizome essential oil of zingiber officinale roscoe. This chapter discusses the physical properties of food, properties that lend themselves to description and quantification by physical rather than chemical means. The physical chemical properties of five types of ginger powders with particles size of 300, 149, 74, 37 and 8. Information regarding the physical and chemical properties of toluene is located in table 42. Ginger is very useful in the treatment of several gastrointestinal diseases including peptic and duodenal ulcer. Examples viscosity conductivity malleability hardness melting and boiling point density. Spice, zingiber officinale, gingerol, shogaol, zingerone, starch, oleoresin. A profile of an alternative medicine howstuffworks. Inflammation is the bodys natural healing response to illness or injury, and its pain, redness, heat, and swelling are attempts to keep you from. The superfine grinding could produce a narrow and uniform particle size distribution in dry ginger. Therapy with ginger and ginger wraps stimulates the breakdown of hardened deposits of fat, proteins and minerals. Effect of osmotic dehydration on the physical and chemical. Pdf chemical composition and antioxidant properties of.

We investigated the chemical properties of medicinal and edible ginger cultivars using a liquidchromatography mass spectrometry lcms approach. Jul 12, 2014 chemical structure of active constituents. Ginger is generally considered a safe herbal medicine weidner and sigwart, 2000. The physical, chemical and sensory properties of soymilk. Ginger was reported to show antiinflammatory effect through the suppression of pg synthesis and also to have interference in cytokine signaling 6. These properties especially depend on the initial quality of the. Its many different varieties are cultivated throughout asia, australia, south america, jamaica.

Physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale abstract ginger is a plant recently gaining attention in the food and pharmaceutical industries because of its spice and medicinal importance. Ginger and turmeric plants have several similar characteristics both possess pale green flowers and are surrounded by long lanceolate leaves. Ginger increases circulation to the periphery thus it helps recovery the areas affected by frostbite. Chemical composition and physical properties of oil from plai. Thus, the thrust of this study is to develop a new spiced fruit drink from the blend of pineapple, cucumber, clove and ginger as well as evaluate the physicochemical properties and the phytochemical constituents of the drink.

Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root zingiber officinale article pdf available in journal of medicinal plant research 424. Pdf physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale. Physical and chemical properties of matter chemistry. Pdf physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale physical. Usually these new drug candidates are targeted for oral administration, so a detailed understanding of the molecularlevel properties that relate to optimal pharmacokinetics is a critical step toward improving the probability of selecting successful clinical. Physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale e. Benzene is a cyclic hydrocarbon with a chemical formula c 6 h 6, that is, each carbon atom in benzene is arranged.

A physical property is a characteristic of a material that can be observed or measured without changing the composition of the material. Effect of osmotic dehydration on the physical and chemical properties of mexican ginger zingiber of. Curcumin blocks the formation of reactiveoxygen species, possesses antiinflammatory properties as a result of inhibition of cyclooxygenases cox and other enzymes involved in inflammation. Get periodic table facts on the chemical and physical properties of the element copper. Total viable count, staphylococcal count, fungal count, salmonella count and total coliform were determined according to standard microbiological methods. Review some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological properties of ginger zingiber o. Ginger and cumin both are recognized for their antioxidant properties. These chemical compounds are secreted through a series of molecular interactions under specific bioticabiotic stress conditions 15, 146.

Numerous active ingredients are present in ginger including terpenes and oleoresin which called ginger oil. Chemical properties of matter describes its potential to undergo some chemical change or reaction by virtue of its composition. The importance of antioxidant constituents in the maintenance of health and protection from coronary heart disease and cancer is raising considerable interest among scientists, food manufacturers and consumers as the trend of the future is moving toward functional. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in. Ginger zingiber officinale roscoe, belonging to the family. Gingers healing properties ginger is probably one of the worlds favorite medicines and cooking ingredients. Ginger is a spice that can be commonly found in supermarkets and in the kitchen, either as the fresh root, or in dried, powdered form. Physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale global journals. Ginger, a source of valuable phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste1. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. Physical and chemical properties of soybean proteins w. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the prevention and treatment of diseases via modulation of biological activities. Ginger, the rhizome of the plant zingiber officinale. Chemical properties of proteins chemistry libretexts.

Native americans have also used wild ginger rhizome to regulate menstruation and heartbeat. Tanira a, abderrahim nemmar c a department of pharmacology and clinical pharmacy, college of medicine and health sciences, sultan qaboos university, p. Physical and chemical characteristics of olive oils from. Ginger physico chemical properties and its consumer products. Ginger essential oil works to get out the kinks both physically and emotionally. Study of physical and chemical properties of biodiesel. The possible medicinal properties of ginger step to health.

Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the. Physical and chemical properties of soybean proteins. Pdf on jun 1, 20, kayode joshua simonyan and others published some physical. Consume it three times a day to get the best results. Major postharvest processing of ginger is being carried out locally in west africa and nigeria. Depending on deficiency in the positive or negative charge balance locally or overall of mineral structures, clay minerals are able to adsorb certain cations and anions and retain them around the outside of the structural unit in an exchangeable state, generally without affecting the basic silicate structure.

What elements, electrons, and bonding are present to give the potential for chemical change. Analysis of chemical properties of edible and medicinal. An increasingly competitive pharmaceutical market demands improvement in the efficiency and probability of drug candidate discovery. Chemical composition, functional properties and processing of. Samir malhotra1 and amrit pal singh2 1department of pharmacology. The physical and chemical properties of crude sorghum oil were investigated for the production of biodiesel for use in diesel engine.

The healing properties of ginger alternativa za vas. The physical properties of foods are of utmost interest to the food engineer, mainly for two reasons. We also acknowledge previous national science foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 14739. Here are 11 health benefits of ginger that are supported by scientific research. Clay mineral chemical and physical properties britannica.

Chemical constituents and biological activities of ginger rhizomes. The physical, chemical and sensory properties of soymilk, tofu and doughnut made from specialty fullfat soy flours by yuenching low a thesis submitted to the graduate faculty in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science major. Ginger is probably one of the worlds favorite medicines and cooking ingredients. The physical properties of the seeds measured were axial dimensions, weight and volume, sphericity, aspect ratio. Analysis of chemical properties of edible and medicinal ginger by. Healing properties ginger s ability to combat a variety of diseases and conditions is due in part to its impact on excessive inflammation, which is a significant underlying cause of many illnesses. Overview information ginger is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish green flowers.

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of fresh rhizome. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger. Medicinal properties of ginger zingiber officinale rosc. Chemical properties of gingerol cas 235146 download as pdf file download as excel file download as 2d mole file predict properties. It adds a strong, pungent flavour to dishes as a consequence of a number of chemical compounds it contains. Samir malhotra1 and amrit pal singh2 1department of pharmacology pgimer, chandigarh 2super specialty division, indswift lab, chandigarh correspondent author, email. Ginger grows from an aromatic tuberlike rhizome underground stem which is warty and branched. Zingiber officinale is the common cooking ginger, an herbaceous perennial with upright stems and narrow medium green leaves arranged in two ranks on each stem. The consumption of carrot and its products is increasing steadily due to its recognition as an important source of natural antioxidants having anticancer activity. Mar 14, 2019 ginger may help fight headaches and painful migraines. Ogawa umare or ogawa umare og, contains more active ingredients, showing properties as a new resource for the production of herbal medicines derived from ginger in terms of its chemical constituents and rhizome yield. Major postharvest processing of ginger is being carried out locally in west africa and nigeria due to the.

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